A person commits misdemeanor child abuse when they either are the parent of a child under 16 years of age or provide care or supervision to such a child (like a babysitter) and either (1) inflict physical injury, (2) allow physical injury to be inflicted, or (3) allow a substantial risk of physical injury to be created upon such child. If a person is convicted of misdemeanor child abuse, they are guilty of a Class A1 misdemeanor.
The crime of misdemeanor child abuse is found in G.S. 14-318.2(a) which states that
Any parent of a child less than 16 years of age, or any other person providing care to or supervision of such child, who inflicts physical injury, or who allows physical injury to be inflicted, or who creates or allows to be created a substantial risk of physical injury, upon or to such child by other than accidental means is guilty of the Class A1 misdemeanor of child abuse.
The punishment for a Class A1 misdemeanor ranges from 1-150 days, depending on prior convictions. While a person with no prior convictions might receive a community punishment (meaning punishment that does not include active jail time and also does not require drug treatment or special probation), he might also receive an active punishment (meaning jail time). This means that a person with no prior convictions can be sentenced to up to 60 days of jail time if he is found guilty of misdemeanor child abuse.